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(13) 3. Kusināravaggo

1. Kusinārasuttaṃ

At Kusinara

124. At one time the Blessed One lived in Kusinara in a stretch of forest in Baliharana. The Blessed One addressed the bhikkhus:

"Here bhikkhus, the bhikkhu abides relying on a certain village or hamlet. A householder or his son approaches him and invites for the next days meal. If the bhikkhu wishes he accepts it The next morning the bhikkhu putting on his robes and taking bowl and robes approaches the home of that householder or householder's son. He sits on the prepared seat. The householder or his son with his own hands serves the bhikkhu with nourishing eatables and drinks. Then it occurs to the bhikkhu: 'It is good that the householder or his son has served me with nourishing eatables and drinks with his own hands.' It also occurs to him: 'O! Good if this same householder or the householder's son serves me with nourishing eatables and drinks, of similar nature with his own hands in the future as well.' He partakes that morsel food enslaved and swooned to greed, without seeing the danger and the escape from it. There he thinks sensual thoughts, hateful thoughts and hurting thoughts. Bhikkhus, I say, giving gifts to such a bhikkhu is not of the highest benefit. What is the reason? That bhikkhu abides negligently.

"Here bhikkhus, the bhikkhu abides relying on a certain village or hamlet. A householder or his son approaches him and invites for the next days meal. If the bhikkhu wishes he accepts it The next morning the bhikkhu putting on his robes and taking bowl and robes approaches the home of that householder or householder's son. He sits on the prepared seat. The householder or his son with his own hands serves the bhikkhu with nourishing eatables and drinks. Then it does not occur to the bhikkhu: 'It is good that the householder or his son has served me with nourishing eatables and drinks with his own hands.' It also does not occur to him: 'O! Good if this same householder or the householder's son serves me with nourishing eatables and drinks, of similar nature with his own hands in the future as well.' He partakes that morsel food not enslaved and not swooned to greed, wisely seeing the danger and the escape from it. There he thinks non sensual thoughts, not hateful thoughts and non hurting thoughts. Bhikkhus, I say, giving gifts to such a bhikkhu is of the highest benefit. What is the reason? That bhikkhu abides diligently."

2. Bhaṇḍanasuttaṃ

Quarrelling

125. "Bhikkhus, in a direction the bhikkhus quarrel, fight and form a dispute using the mouth as the weapon and abide, I find it unpleasant even to think of that direction, the least to go there. I conclude: Indeed these venerable ones have given up three things and make much of three things. What three things have they given up? Non-sensual thoughts, non hateful thoughts and non-hurting thoughts. They have given up these three.

"What have they practised much? Sensual thoughts, hateful thoughts and hurting thoughts. They have practised much of these three.

"Bhikkhus, in a direction the bhikkhus quarrel, fight and form a dispute using the mouth as the weapon and abide, I find it unpleasant even to think of that direction, the least to go there. I conclude: Indeed these venerable ones have given up three things and make much of three things.

"Bhikkhus, in a direction the bhikkhus are united, delighted, without a dispute abide seeing each other with friendly eyes mixing like milk and water, I find it pleasant to go in that direction, and more so to think of them I conclude: Indeed these venerable ones have given up three things and made much of three things.

"What three things have they given up? Sensual thoughts, hateful thoughts and hurting thoughts. They have given up these three.

"What have they practised much? Non-sensual thoughts, non-hateful thoughts and non-hurting thoughts. They have practised much of these three."

3. Gotamakacetiyasuttaṃ

At the monument Gotamaka

126. At one time the Blessed One was living in the Gotamaka monument in Vesali and addressed the bhikkhus:

"Bhikkhus, I teach thoroughly knowing, with reasons, not without, with wonders, not without. Since I teach you thoroughly knowing, with reasons and wonders, there is a cause that I should advise you and instruct you. Bhikkhus, you should be pleased and happy. The Blessed One is rightfully enlightened.

"The Teaching of the Blessed One is well declared and the Community of bhikkhus have come to the right path. The Blessed One said this and those bhikkhus were pleased. When this was said, the thousandfold world element shook."

4. Bharaṇḍukālāmasuttaṃ

The Kalama Bharaṇḍu

127. At one time the Blessed One touring the country of Kosala arrived in Kapilavatthu. The Sakya Mahanama hearing that the Blessed One had arrived in Kapilavatthu, approached, worshipped and stood on a side. The Blessed One said thus to the Sakya Mahanama: "Mahanama, go. Find me a suitable dwelling for one night in Kapilavatthu."

The Sakya Mahanama accepted and wandered everywhere in Kapilavatthu looking for a suitable dwelling for the Blessed One for a single night, not finding a suitable dwelling approached the Blessed One and said to the Blessed One:

"Venerable sir, in Kapilavatthu there is no suitable dwelling for the Blessed One for one night. There is the monastery of the Kalama Bharaṇḍu, who was a previous co-associate in the holy life of the Blessed. Tonight the Blessed One could dwell there."

"Go! Mahanama prepare a spread." The Sakya Mahanama accepted and going to the monastery of the Kalama Bharandu prepared a spread, placed water for washing the feet and approached the Blessed One and said:

"Venerable sir a spread is made, water is placed for washing the feet. It is ready when the Blessed One thinks to go."

The Blessed One approached the monastery of the Kalama Bharaṇḍu sat on the prepared seat and washed his feet. Then it occured to the Sakya Mahanama: "This is not the right time to associate the Blessed One, he is tired, I will associate him tomorrow and he worshipped the Blessed One, circumambulated the Blessed One and went away."

The next morning the Sakya Mahanama approached the Blessed One worshipped and sat on a side. The Blessed One said thus to him:

"Mahanama, these three teachers are evident in the world. What three?

"Mahanama, a certain teacher appoints the comprehension of sensuality and does not appoint the comprehension of matter and feelings. Mahanama, a certain other teacher appoints the comprehension of sensuality and the comprehension of matter and not the comprehension of feelings. Mahanama, a certain other teacher appoints the comprehension of sensuality the comprehension of matter and the comprehension of feelings. Mahanama, these three teachers are evident in the world. Mahanama, are the perfections of these three teachers the same or various?"

When this was said the Kalama Bharaṇḍu promted to the Sakya Mahanama say it is the same. Then the Blessed One said to the Sakya Mahanama, say it is various.

"For the second time the Kalama Bharaṇḍu promted to the Sakya Mahanama say it is the same. For the second time the Blessed One said to the Sakya Mahanama, say it is various.

"For the third time the Kalama Bharaṇḍu promted to the Sakya Mahanama say it is the same. For the third time the Blessed One said to the Sakya Mahanama, say it is various.

Then it occured to the Kalama Bharaṇḍu: "I am depreciated up to the third time by the Blessed One in the face of this powerful Sakya Mahanama. I should go away from Kapilavatthu."

The Kalama Bharaṇḍu left Kapilavatthu but did not return to Kapilavatthu.

5. Hatthakasuttaṃ

To Hatthaka the son of gods

128. At one time the Blessed One was living in the monastery offered by Anāthapiṇḍika in Jeta's grove in Sāvatthi. Then Hatthaka the son of the gods when the night was far spent approached the Blessed One illuminating the whole of Jeta's grove when trying to stand before the Blessed One was sinking. As though oil or ghee put on sand would sink. In the same manner Hatthaka the son of the gods when trying to stand before the Blessed One was sinking and could not stand.

The Blessed One said to Hatthaka: "Hatthaka, create a rough form." Hatthaka consented and creating a rough form worshipped the Blessed One and stood on a side.

Then the Blessed One said thus to him: "Hatthaka, those thoughts that you developed when you were a human, are they yet evident in you."

"Venerable sir, those thoughts that prevailed when I was a human, they prevail in me now and those thoughts that did not prevail when I was a human, they too prevail in me now. As the Blessed One now abides crowded by bhikkhus, bhikkhunis, lay disciples male and female, kings, kings' ministers, by those with different faiths and their disciples. In the same manner I am crowded by sons of gods. Venerable sir, even from afar sons of gods come to my presence to hear the Teaching.

"Venerable sir, not satiated and not hindered by three things, I passed away. What three? Venerable sir, I passed away not satiated with the unhindered sight of the Blessed One. Venerable sir, I passed away not satiated with the unhindered hearing of the Teaching. Venerable sir, I passed away not satiated with the unhindered attention towards the Community. Venerable sir, not satiated and not hindered by these three things, I passed away."

"I was never satisfied seing the Blessed One,

Attending on the Community and hearing the Teaching.

Training in higher virtues, I was attached to the Teaching.

Hatthaka passed away not satiated in these three things."

6. Kaṭuviyasuttaṃ

On defiling

129. At one time the Blessed One was abiding in the deer park in Isipatana in Benares. The Blessed One putting on robes in the morning and taking bowl and robes entered Benares for the alms round and saw a certain bhikkhu going for alms, under a fig tree where cattle are bound. He was internally dissatisfied and his interests were turned out wards, forgetful, not aware and distracted the mind straying with uncontrolled mental faculties. Seeing him the Blessed One said: "Bhikkhu, do not defile yourself. When you defile yourself an evil smell emanates and it is impossible that flies would not settle."

That bhikkhu advised by the Blessed One in this manner became remorseful. The Blessed One after going the alms round and after the meal was over addressed the bhikkhus: "Bhikkhus, I put on robes in the morning and taking bowl and robes entered Benares for the alms round and saw a certain bhikkhu going for alms, under a fig tree where cattle are bound. He was internally dissatisfied and his interests were turned out wards, forgetful, not aware and distracted, his mind straying with uncontrolled mental faculties. Seeing him I said: 'Bhikkhu, do not defile yourself. When you defile yourself an evil smell emanates and it is impossible that flies would not settle.' That bhikkhu advised by me became remorseful."

When this was said a certain bhikkhu said: "Venerable sir, what is defiling, what is the evil smell and what are flies?"

"Bhikikhu, the defiling is covetousness, the evil smell is aversion and flies are evil demeritorious thoughts. That bhikkhu defiling himself and emanating an evil smell, that flies should not settle is not possible."

"With unprotected eyes and ears and mental faculties uncontrolled,

Flies in the form of greedy thoughts will settle.

The defiled bhikkhu emanates evil smells

Far from extinction, he has destroyed bliss.

In village or in forest not achieving his inner peace,

The fool sets forth followed by flies.

He that is virtuous and wisely attached to appeasemment

Sleeps well having destroyed the flies."

7. Paṭhamaanuruddhasuttaṃ

The first about venerable Anuruddha

130. Venerable Anurudddha approached the Blessed One, worshipped, sat on a side and said to the Blessed One: "Venerable sir, with my heavenly eye, purified beyond human, I see many women after death going to loss, to a bad state, to decrease, to hell.

"Venerable sir, on account of what kind of thoughts do women after death go to loss, to a bad state, to decrease to hell?"

"Anuruddha, on account of three kinds of thoughts many women after death are born in loss, in a bad state, in decrease, in hell.

"What three? Here, Anuruddha, during the early part of their lives women live overcome by selfish and stingy thoughts, during the middle part of their lives they live overcome by jealous thoughts and during the final part of their lives they live overcome by sensual thoughts.

"Anuruddha, on account of these three kinds of thoughts many women after death are born in loss, in a bad state, in decrease, in hell."

8. Dutiyaanuruddhasuttaṃ

The second about venerable Anuruddha

131. Venerable Anurudddha approached venerable Sāriputta, exchanged friendly greetings and sitting on a side said thus to venerable Sāriputta: "Friend, Sāriputta, with my heavenly eye purified beyond human I look at the thousandfold world system, my effort is aroused, mindfulness is established unconfused, body is appeased without aversion, the mind is concentrated and in one point. Yet my mind is not released from desires without anything remaining.

"Friend, Anuruddha, when it occurs to you, 'With my heavenly eye purified beyond human I look at the thousandfold world system.' That to you is conceit. Friend, Anuruddha, when it occurs to you, 'My effort is aroused, mindfulness is established unconfused, body is appeased without aversion, the mind is concentrated and in one point,' that to you is distraction. Friend, Anuruddha, if it occurs to you, 'Yet my mind is not released from desires without anything remaining,' that, to you is worry.

"Good! If venerable Anuruddha dispelling these three thoughts, not attending to them should lead the mind to the deathless element."

Venerable Anuruddha in the meantime dispelling these three thoughts, not attending to them, led the mind to the deathless element. Then venerable Anuruddha alone and secluded from the crowd, diligently arousing effort to dispel, before long for whatever reason sons of clansmen, rightfully leaving the household become homeless, that noble end of the holy life he here and now by himself realizing abode. He thoroughly knew, birth is destroyed, the holy life is lived, what should be done is done, there is nothing more to wish. Venerable Anuruddha became one of the noble ones.

9. Paṭicchannasuttaṃ

The covered up

132. "Bhikkhus, these three are carried away covered, not openly. What three? Women are carried away covered not openly. Brahmanical mutterings are done under cover and Wrong view is covered not made manifest.

"Bhikkhus, these three when made manifest shine. What three? Bhikkhus, the moon shines when manifest, the sun shines when manifest and the Teaching and Discipline declared by the Thus Gone One shines when manifest and not when covered. These three shine when manifest and not when covered.

10. Lekhasuttaṃ

Writings

133. "Bhikkhus, these three persons are evident in the world. What three? The person comparable to a writing on a rock, the person comparable to a writing on earth and the person comparable to a writing on water.

"Bhikkhus, who is the person comparable to a writing on a rock? Here, bhikkhus a certain person is always angry. He lies with that anger a long while. As the writing on a rock is not rubbed off quickly, by water or by the wind. In the same manner bhikkhus, a certain person is always angry. He lies with that anger a long while. Bhikkhus, this person is comparable to a writing on a rock.

"Bhikkhus, who is the person comparable to a writing on earth? Here, bhikkhus a certain person is always angry. He does not lie with that anger a long while. As a writing on earth is rubbed off quickly, by water or by the wind. In the same manner bhikkhus, a certain person is always angry. He does not lie with that anger a long while. Bhikkhus, this person is comparable to a writing on earth.

"Bhikkhus, who is the person comparable to a writing on water? Here bhikkhus, a certain person when spoken harshly or roughly gets arranged, is not cross becomes friendly. As a writing on water quickly gets rubbed off. In the same manner bhikkhus, a certain person when spoken harshly or roughly gets arranged, is not cross becomes friendly."

"Bhikkhus, these three persons are evident in the world."

Kusināravaggo terasamo.

Tassuddānaṃ –

Kusinārabhaṇḍanā ceva, gotamabharaṇḍuhatthako;

Kaṭuviyaṃ dve anuruddhā, paṭicchannaṃ lekhena te dasāti.


-- This translation is Dhamma-Dana (gift of teaching) from Ven. Sister Uppalavanna, edited and integrated into the structure based on the Pali Tipitika of Vipassana Research Insititute, Igatpuri India --

logo_sangham_30Donator/Contributor: Ven. Sister Uppalavanna, Provinz Galla in Sri Lanka (via Ven. Bhikkhu Mettavihari)
Source of origin: http://www.metta.lk/
How to cite this document one suggested style: "(13) 3. Kusināravaggo", edited by sangham.net, 16 Feb 2014,
http://sangham.net/index.php?page=s0402m2.mul12_en_uppa , Retrieved on

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