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Autor Thema: Yama - King of hell | Yama, König der Hölle  (Gelesen 75 mal)

Offline Johann

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Yama - King of hell | Yama, König der Hölle
« am: Juni 19, 2017, 01:24:12 Vormittag »


In the Pali canon, the Buddha states that a person who has ill-treated their parents, ascetics, holy persons, or elders is taken upon his death to Yama.[1] Yama then asks the ignoble person if he ever considered his own ill conduct in light of birth, deterioration, sickness, worldly retribution and death (Māra). In response to Yama's questions, such an ignoble person repeatedly answers that he failed to consider the kammic consequences of his reprehensible actions and as a result is sent to a brutal hell "so long as that evil action has not exhausted its result."[2]



Im Pali-Kanon spricht der Buddha davon, daß eine Person, die ihre Eltern, Alketen, Heilige Personen, oder Älter schlecht behandelt hat, nach dem Tod zu Yama gebracht wird. Yama fragt dann diese Person, ob sie jemals ihr schlechtes Verhalten im Licht von Verschlechterung, Krankheit, weltlichem Ansehen, und Tod (Māra), bedacht hat. In Erwiderung auf Yamas Fragen, antwortet so eine unfeine Person wiederholend, dass sie gescheitet ist die kammischen Konsequenzen seiner tadelhaften Taten zu überdenken, und als Konsequenz in eine brutale Hölle geschickt "so lange bis der schlechten Handlungens Ergebnisse erlöschen sind".

Sutta on Yama: DN 11 (1 , 2 ), DN 20 , MN 130 , SN 56.11

« Letzte Änderung: Juni 19, 2017, 01:33:47 Vormittag by Johann »
This post and Content has come to be by Dhamma-Dana and so is given as it       Dhamma-Dana: Johann

Offline Johann

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Antw:Yama - King of hell | Yama, König der Hölle
« Antwort #1 am: Juni 19, 2017, 01:39:14 Vormittag »

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammā-sambuddhassa

..."Then the hell-wardens, seizing (such a being) by the arms, present him to King Yama: 'This is a man, your majesty, with no respect for mother, no respect for father [1], no reverence for contemplatives, no reverence for brahmans, no honor for the leaders of his clan. Let your majesty decree his punishment.'

"Then King Yama interrogates & interpellates & castigates the man regarding the first deva messenger: 'My good man, didn't you see the first deva messenger that has appeared among human beings?'

"'I didn't, lord,' he says.

Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't you see among human beings a tender baby boy lying prone in its own urine & excrement?'

"'I did, lord,' he says.

Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't the thought occur to you — observant & mature: "I, too, am subject to birth, have not gone beyond birth. I'd better do good with body, speech, & mind"?'

"'I couldn't, lord. I was heedless, lord.'

Then King Yama says, 'My good man, through heedlessness you did not do what is good with body, speech, & mind. And of course, my good man, they will deal with you in accordance with your heedlessness. For that evil kamma [2] of yours was neither done by your mother, nor done by your father, nor done by your brother, nor done by your sister, nor done by your friends & companions, nor done by your kinsmen & relatives, nor done by the devas. That evil kamma was done by you yourself, and you yourself will experience its result.'

"Then, having interrogated & interpellated & castigated the man regarding the first deva messenger, King Yama interrogates & interpellates & castigates him regarding the second: 'My good man, didn't you see the second deva messenger that has appeared among human beings?'

"'I didn't, lord,' he says.

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't you see among human beings a woman or man eighty, ninety, one hundred years old: aged, roof-rafter crooked, bent-over, supported by a cane, palsied, miserable, broken-toothed, gray-haired, scanty-haired, bald, wrinkled, with limbs all blotchy?'

"'I did, lord,' he says.

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't the thought occur to you — observant & mature: "I, too, am subject to aging, have not gone beyond aging. I'd better do good with body, speech, & mind"?'

"'I couldn't, lord. I was heedless, lord.'

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, through heedlessness you did not do what is good with body, speech, & mind. And of course, my good man, they will deal with you in accordance with your heedlessness. For that evil kamma of yours was neither done by your mother, nor done by your father, nor done by your brother, nor done by your sister, nor done by your friends & companions, nor done by your kinsmen & relatives, nor done by the devas. That evil kamma was done by you yourself, and you yourself will experience its result.'

"Then, having interrogated & interpellated & castigated the man regarding the second deva messenger, King Yama interrogates & interpellates & castigates him regarding the third: 'My good man, didn't you see the third deva messenger that has appeared among human beings?'

"'I didn't, lord,' he says.

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't you see among human beings a woman or man diseased, in pain, severely ill, lying in her/his own urine & excrement, lifted up by others, laid down by others?'

"'I did, lord,' he says.

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't the thought occur to you — observant & mature: "I, too, am subject to illness, have not gone beyond illness. I'd better do good with body, speech, & mind"?'

"'I couldn't, lord. I was heedless, lord.'

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, through heedlessness you did not do what is good with body, speech, & mind. And of course, my good man, they will deal with you in accordance with your heedlessness. For that evil kamma of yours was neither done by your mother, nor done by your father, nor done by your brother, nor done by your sister, nor done by your friends & companions, nor done by your kinsmen & relatives, nor done by the devas. That evil kamma was done by you yourself, and you yourself will experience its result.'

"Then, having interrogated & interpellated & castigated the man regarding the third deva messenger, King Yama interrogates & interpellates & castigates him regarding the fourth: 'My good man, didn't you see the fourth deva messenger that has appeared among human beings?'

"'I didn't, lord,' he says.

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't you see among human beings kings — catching a thief, a criminal — having him tortured in many ways: flogging him with whips, beating him with canes, beating him with clubs; cutting off his hands, cutting off his feet, cut off his hands & feet; cutting off his ears, cutting off his nose, cutting off his ears & nose; subjecting him to the 'porridge pot,' the 'polished-shell shave,' the 'Rāhu's mouth,' the 'flaming garland,' the 'blazing hand,' the 'grass-duty (ascetic),' the 'bark-dress (ascetic),' the 'burning antelope,' the 'meat hooks,' the 'coin-gouging,' the 'lye pickling,' the 'pivot on a stake,' the 'rolled-up bed'; having him splashed with boiling oil, devoured by dogs, impaled alive on a stake; cutting off his head with a sword?'

"'I did, lord,' he says.

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't the thought occur to you — observant & mature: "It seems that those who do evil actions are tortured in these many ways in the here-&-now. And how much more in the hereafter? I'd better do good with body, speech, & mind"?'

"'I couldn't, lord. I was heedless, lord.'

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, through heedlessness you did not do what is good with body, speech, & mind. And of course, my good man, they will deal with you in accordance with your heedlessness. For that evil kamma of yours was neither done by your mother, nor done by your father, nor done by your brother, nor done by your sister, nor done by your friends & companions, nor done by your kinsmen & relatives, nor done by the devas. That evil kamma was done by you yourself, and you yourself will experience its result.'

"Then, having interrogated & interpellated & castigated the man regarding the fourth deva messenger, King Yama interrogates & interpellates & castigates him regarding the fifth: 'My good man, didn't you see the fifth deva messenger that has appeared among human beings?'

"'I didn't, lord,' he says.

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't you see among human beings a woman or man, one day, two days, or three days dead: bloated, livid, oozing with lymph?'

"'I did, lord,' he says.

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, didn't the thought occur to you — observant & mature: "I, too, am subject to death, have not gone beyond death. I'd better do good with body, speech, & mind"?'

"'I couldn't, lord. I was heedless, lord.'

"Then King Yama says, 'My good man, through heedlessness you did not do what is good with body, speech, & mind. And of course, my good man, they will deal with you in accordance with your heedlessness. For that evil kamma of yours was neither done by your mother, nor done by your father, nor done by your brother, nor done by your sister, nor done by your friends & companions, nor done by your kinsmen & relatives, nor done by the devas. That evil kamma was done by you yourself, and you yourself will experience its result.'

"Then, having interrogated & interpellated & castigated the man regarding the fifth deva messenger, King Yama falls silent. [3]

"Then the hell-wardens torture [the evil-doer] with what's called a five-fold imprisonment. They drive a red-hot iron stake through one hand, they drive a red-hot iron stake through the other hand, they drive a red-hot iron stake through one foot, they drive a red-hot iron stake through the other foot, they drive a red-hot iron stake through the middle of his chest. There he feels painful, racking, piercing feelings, yet he does not die as long as his evil kamma is not exhausted.

"Then the hell-wardens lay him down and slice him with axes. Then they hold him feet up & head down and slice him with adzes. Then they harness him to a chariot and drive him back & forth over ground that is burning, blazing, & glowing. Then they make him climb up & down a vast mountain of embers that is burning, blazing, & glowing. Then they hold him feet up & head down and plunge him into a red-hot copper cauldron that is burning, blazing, & glowing. There he boils with bubbles foaming. And as he is boiling there with bubbles foaming, he goes now up, he goes now down, he goes now around. There he feels painful, racking, piercing feelings, yet he does not die as long as his evil kamma is not exhausted. [4]

"Then the hell-wardens throw him into the Great Hell. And as to the Great Hell, monks:



It's four-cornered & has four gates
set in the middle of each side.
It's surrounded by an iron fortress wall
and roofed with iron.
Its floor is made of red-hot iron,
heated, fully blazing.
It stands always, spreading 100 leagues all around....

Note [1]: The word "no respect for father" (apetteyyo) does not appear in the Thai edition, but does appear in the Sri Lankan, Burmese, and PTS editions.

CSCD does not mention such lineage difference in this case.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammā-sambuddhassa

262. ‘‘Tamenaṃ, bhikkhave, nirayapālā nānābāhāsu gahetvā yamassa rañño dassenti – ‘ayaṃ, deva, puriso amatteyyo apetteyyo asāmañño abrāhmañño, na kule jeṭṭhāpacāyī. Imassa devo daṇḍaṃ paṇetū’ti. Tamenaṃ, bhikkhave, yamo rājā paṭhamaṃ devadūtaṃ samanuyuñjati samanugāhati samanubhāsati – ‘ambho purisa, na tvaṃ addasa manussesu paṭhamaṃ devadūtaṃ pātubhūta’nti? So evamāha – ‘nāddasaṃ, bhante’ti.
« Letzte Änderung: Juni 19, 2017, 01:53:08 Vormittag by Johann »
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Johann

Juni 25, 2017, 01:38:38 Nachmittag
Alles Zufälle. Nissaya. Und wenn da keine starke Grundlagenursache aufkommt, upanissayapaccayena, na dann war's das, und alles is weg. Lebewesen sind Erben ihrer Taten (im Geist, Wort und Körper).
 

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Juni 25, 2017, 01:27:24 Nachmittag
Schwupps und weg. Waffen und Nahrung geholt.

Oh, was sag ich. Wenn man's doch nehmen kann, auch ohne das Gefühl zu nehmen... Unsinn hier. Hat doch keiner interesse Verdienste zu tun.
 

Johann

Juni 25, 2017, 01:21:28 Nachmittag
Mirco. Wie geht es?
 

Johann

Juni 25, 2017, 01:20:43 Nachmittag
Es ist doch viel angenehmer, wenn man sich nehmen kann was und wann immer man will, oder? Warum sollte man sich so viel antun, da sind genügend die Anbieten.
 

Johann

Juni 14, 2017, 06:45:07 Nachmittag
Jetzt aber vorerst. Möge jeder guten Unterhalt (ung) im Dhamma und Stärkung finden uud sich davon reichlich nehmen.
 

Mohan Gnanathilake

Juni 11, 2017, 08:24:45 Vormittag
Werter Harry,

ich freue mich darüber, nach einigen Monaten wieder auf sangham.net Sie zu grüßen.

Herzliche Grüße aus Sri Lanka nach Deutschland!
 

Johann

Juni 09, 2017, 05:05:59 Nachmittag
Mögen sich alle, möge sich Gast der Uposatha-Einhaltung nicht nur heute annehmen, und glücksverheißende Zeit verbringen.

May all, may Gast not only today observe the Uposatha and spend auspicious time
 

Mohan Gnanathilake

Juni 03, 2017, 01:48:08 Vormittag
Sehr ehrwürdiger Samanera Johann,

es geht mir zur Zeit gut. Ich glaube, dass es Ihnen auch gut geht.

Dhamma Grüße an Sie aus Sri Lanka!
 

Johann

Juni 02, 2017, 11:19:32 Nachmittag
Wie geht es Upasaka Mohan?
 

Mohan Gnanathilake

Juni 02, 2017, 10:51:50 Nachmittag
Wie sehr ehrwürdiger Samanera Johann geschrieben hat, hatte ich am 10. Mai 2017 meinen  Geburtstag, an dem Tag  in diesem Jahr das Wesakfest gefeiert wurde.
Beste Grüße an Sie aus Sri Lanka!
Mohan Barathi Gnanathilake
 

Johann

Juni 02, 2017, 12:33:54 Nachmittag
Wußte doch, daß so Nahrung immer gefressen werden will.  :)
"Sehr gut, weiter hungern."

Freut das Nyom Marcel wohlauf ist.
 

Marcel

Juni 02, 2017, 12:20:52 Nachmittag
weil "keines" immer noch die bezugnahme auf eines hat!
 

Johann

Juni 02, 2017, 10:23:46 Vormittag
Wenn zwei mehr als eines sid, warum ist dann keines auch eines?
 

Johann

Mai 20, 2017, 04:30:26 Nachmittag
Moritz
 

Moritz

Mai 20, 2017, 03:42:08 Nachmittag
Namasakara, Bhante. _/\_
 

Johann

Mai 18, 2017, 09:56:06 Vormittag
Sadhu und Mudita.
 

Moritz

Mai 18, 2017, 09:53:33 Vormittag
_/\_ _/\_ _/\_
 

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Mai 18, 2017, 09:22:19 Vormittag
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Mai 16, 2017, 01:45:43 Nachmittag
Erfreulich
 

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Mai 16, 2017, 12:09:45 Nachmittag
 :-*Werte Sophorn noch am Flughafen getroffen :)
sitzt im Flieger :-*
 

Johann

Mai 16, 2017, 02:20:58 Vormittag
Ein Dhammatalk, über ein paar Audiofiles, sicher auch gut für ihre Familie, Mutter... http://sangham.net/index.php/topic,7997.0.html
 

Sophorn

Mai 16, 2017, 02:17:07 Vormittag
 :-* :-* :-*
 

Johann

Mai 16, 2017, 02:11:44 Vormittag
Vielleicht möchte Nyom Maria sie noch gerne am Flughafen verabschieden, wenn sie von der Gelegenheit weis.
 

Johann

Mai 16, 2017, 02:08:13 Vormittag
Gute Reise und beste Wünsche an alle.
 

Sophorn

Mai 16, 2017, 02:04:14 Vormittag
 :-* :-* :-*
 karuna tvay bongkum
kana macht sich in knapp 4h auf den weg nach Wien und dann Richtung K. Ankunft morgen in PP.
gerade ist kana am Sammeln vor der Abreise.
kana wünscht Bhante gute Genesung.
 :-* :-* :-*
 

Johann

Mai 16, 2017, 01:48:42 Vormittag
Nyom Sophorn. Wieder zurück im Land der Khmer? Mag Reise und Aufenthalt angenehm gewesen sein.
 

Johann

Mai 10, 2017, 09:51:50 Vormittag
Qi-Van-Chi
 

Johann

Mai 10, 2017, 01:30:17 Vormittag
Verdienstreiche und befreiende Vesak - Pūjā allen, heute.
 

Johann

Mai 09, 2017, 09:20:24 Vormittag
Atma will rest a little today and use the "hair cut day" to maintain his body a little for tomorrow's Puja, so see, Moritz has won a whole day today, maybe use it for same. Best wishes!
 

Moritz

Mai 09, 2017, 08:58:33 Vormittag
Namasakara Bhante.
May you have a good Vesakha Puja!
_/\_
 

Johann

Mai 08, 2017, 10:43:50 Vormittag
Viel Freude beim Aufräumen und angenehmes "Brotverdienen"
 

Moritz

Mai 08, 2017, 09:32:47 Vormittag
Muss nun hier aufräumen und bald los Brot verdienen. Wünsche einen angenehmen Tag.
_/\_
 

Moritz

Mai 08, 2017, 09:25:13 Vormittag
Namasakara, Bhante. _/\_
 

Johann

Mai 06, 2017, 05:42:48 Nachmittag
Nyom Senghour.
Darf Atma darauf vertrauen, daß es Ihm gut geht?
 

Johann

Mai 03, 2017, 08:26:24 Nachmittag
Hr. Bernd, Atma zieht sich für heute zurück. Viel Freude beim Entdecken.
 

Marcel

April 29, 2017, 11:44:21 Vormittag
 :-*
 

Johann

April 29, 2017, 11:29:06 Vormittag
Atma wird kurz etwas Wasser zum trinken abkochen.
 

Johann

April 29, 2017, 11:26:17 Vormittag
Sadhu der Nachfrage, Nyom Marcel. Alles soweit passend. Gut Nyom mal wieder anzutreffen. Vielleicht mag er ja etwas von seinen Verdiensten teilen.
 

Marcel

April 29, 2017, 11:07:15 Vormittag
 :-*ehwürdiger samana johann  :-*

wie geht es ihnen?
 

Johann

April 26, 2017, 08:11:22 Vormittag
Christian.
 

Johann

April 26, 2017, 02:45:50 Vormittag
Senghour, Atma verläßt nun für seinen Almosengang das Klosterhier.
 

Johann

April 24, 2017, 01:39:40 Nachmittag
Christian.
 

Johann

April 22, 2017, 07:23:20 Vormittag
Dylan.
 

Johann

April 22, 2017, 02:00:11 Vormittag
224. Sprecht Wahrheit, haltet nicht an Zorn, wenn gebeten, gebt, auch wenn nur wenig Ihr habt. Mit diesen drei Mittel, in Gegenwart der Götter, einer kann erreichen.
 

Johann

April 22, 2017, 01:55:53 Vormittag
224. Speak the truth; yield not to anger; when asked, give even if you only have a little. By these three means can one reach the presence of the gods.
 

Johann

April 13, 2017, 11:02:06 Vormittag
Hatte wohl kurzen Serverausfall gegeben.

Visitor

April 04, 2017, 09:44:42 Vormittag
Hallo!  :)
 

Johann

März 31, 2017, 09:59:39 Vormittag
Moritz, Maria
 

Maria

März 31, 2017, 08:09:04 Vormittag
 :-*
Guten Morgen Bhante
 

Maria

März 31, 2017, 08:08:39 Vormittag
 :-*
Guten Morgen Bhante

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