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Talkbox

2019 Jan 15 19:41:08
Khemakumara: Nyom Moritz

2019 Jan 15 19:38:38
Moritz: Vandami Bhante (Khemakumara) _/\_

2019 Jan 15 17:13:16
Johann: Nyom Puthy, maybe this helps: ការរបៀបឆ្លេីយនៅក្នុង website .

2019 Jan 15 16:10:29
Ieng Puthy: ព្រះអង្គករុណាសូមថ្វាយបង្គំុលាសិនហេីយ 🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼

2019 Jan 15 16:07:58
Ieng Puthy: ករុណាគ្រាន់តែចូលអាន ករុណាមិនទាន់យល់ពីរបៀបឆ្លេីយនៅក្នុងwebsite នៅឡេីយទេ ព្រះអង្គ 🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼

2019 Jan 15 16:00:58
Johann: How ever one feels inspired, has joy, likes to give into.  How can I use the forum purposefully, for myself, as well as for others?

2019 Jan 15 15:57:55
Johann: No need to use all possibilities for merits for one alone but good to invite others to join and become more independend till free.

2019 Jan 15 15:04:39
Johann: no requirement to do all, merits step by step. "The path to nibbana is hard", they say, and don't do even little steps, Nyom. As inspired, its at least a working and concentration camp, Devas delight in creation, Devas having contr. over the creation of others.

2019 Jan 15 14:53:43
Cheav Villa: ព្រះអង្គការបកប្រែមកជាខ្មែរ  មានខុសច្រើនណាស់  _/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 15 14:49:16
Khemakumara: leng Puthy

2019 Jan 15 14:48:29
Khemakumara: Nyom leng Pitts

2019 Jan 15 14:45:35
Johann: There is a lot of new for many. If the Nyom Ladies like to help in translating here and there a little, it might be easier for khmer-speaking monks to get informed well.

2019 Jan 15 14:25:23
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏼🙏🏼🙏🏼ករុណាថ្វាយបង្គំុ ព្រះអង្គ Bhante Khemakumara

2019 Jan 15 13:33:34
Khemakumara: Bhante Muni

2019 Jan 15 13:32:47
Khemakumara: Bhante Johann _/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 15 13:27:53
Johann: Bhante Muni

2019 Jan 15 10:46:40
Johann: But a topic can be opened everywhere and can then be moved.

2019 Jan 15 10:45:27
Johann: There is also a Link to direct Requests for Teachings - link, so things get not lost.

2019 Jan 15 10:44:12
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻ករុណាព្រះអង្គ🙏🏻អរព្រះគុុណ ព្រះអង្គ

2019 Jan 15 10:42:55
Johann: Good place is surely at  Dhammatalks - (dhamma desanā)

2019 Jan 15 10:35:06
Johann: Talkbox is not proper, just for greating and small-talk

2019 Jan 15 10:24:47
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻ព្រះអង្គ តេីមានធម៌អ្វីដែលអាចកំចាត់ធម៌លោភៈល្អិតនៅក្នុងចិត្តបានដែរឬទេ ?ព្រះអង្គ Vandami Banthe 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻

2019 Jan 15 10:21:37
Johann: Just open a new topic best, Nyom Puthy (requires some bhava-chanda)

2019 Jan 15 10:17:22
Johann: Nyom Puthy

2019 Jan 15 10:07:10
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻ករុណាថ្វាយបង្គំុ ព្រះអង្គ Vandami Banthe

2019 Jan 15 10:01:15
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻ករុណាថ្វាយបង្គំុ ព្រះអង្គមុនី! ករុណាមានសំណួរ១អំពី អនុស្ស័យកិលេសមាន៧ គឺ 1-កាមរាគានុស្ស័យ 2-ភវនុស្ស័យ3

2019 Jan 15 09:31:36
Cheav Villa:  :)  _/\_

2019 Jan 15 09:27:54
Chanroth: ខ្ញុំព្រះករុណាសូមថ្វាយបង្គំព្រះអង្គមុន្នី ពីរអាស្រមថ្មទូក_/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 15 09:21:46
Chanroth: បាតជំរាបសួរបងស្រី ខ្ញុំមិនទាន់បានធ្វេីនៅឡេីយទេ ពីព្រោះខ្ញុំឈឺ បានធូហេីយ តែមិនទាន់បាត់ថ្លោះករនៅឡេីយ _/\_

2019 Jan 15 08:57:49
Cheav Villa: ថ្វាយបង្គំព្រះអង្គមុនី  _/\_

2019 Jan 15 07:34:19
Johann: Bhante Khemakumara

2019 Jan 15 05:57:47
Cheav Villa: តើពូកំពុងជួយការងារលោកតាមែនទេ?តើនៅអាស្រមមានកង្វះខាតអ្វីទេនៅពេលនេះ

2019 Jan 15 05:54:51
Cheav Villa: ជំរាបសួរពូចាន់រ័ត្ន _/\_

2019 Jan 15 01:12:12
Johann: And "we" wouldn't always know or find out but need to relay on one who know

2019 Jan 15 01:06:48
Johann: There are two kinds of sadness and happiness, of which one of each is conductive for liberation, one not.

2019 Jan 15 01:02:24
Mohan Gnanathilake: May we always be able to find out for ourselves how much attachment we accumulate, and whether this brings us happiness or sorrow! Dhamma Greetings from Sri Lanka!

2019 Jan 15 01:00:52
Mohan Gnanathilake: Mögen wir immer  selbst herausfinden kӧnnen, wie viel Anhaftung wir anhäufen und ob  diese Anhaftung uns die Frӧhlichkeit oder  die Traurigkeit bringt! Dhamma Grüβe aus Sri Lanka!

2019 Jan 14 13:52:41
Johann: Nyom Puthy. May you all have good Dhamma conversations with each other, don't be shy on that. Atma will go to rest.

2019 Jan 14 13:48:00
Johann: ញោម ចាន់រ័ត្ន

2019 Jan 14 12:49:01
Cheav Villa: អរព្រះគុណព្រះអង្គ _/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 14 12:36:20
Mohan Gnanathilake: May we possess the causes of blissfulness always! Dhamma Greetings from Sri Lanka!

2019 Jan 14 12:35:18
Mohan Gnanathilake: Mӧgen wir immer die Ursachen der Glückseligkeit besitzen! Dhamma Grüβe  aus Sri Lanka!

2019 Jan 14 10:20:32
Johann: "នាងវិសាខា ក្រាបបង្គំទូលថា ថ្ងៃនេះខ្ញុំម្ចាស់រក្សាឧបោសថៈព្រះអង្គ។"...

2019 Jan 14 09:49:40
Chanroth:  _/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 14 06:59:34
Cheav Villa: Jain-Upossathaកូណាមុិនទាន់យល់ន័យនៃពាក្យនេះទេ _/\_

2019 Jan 14 05:12:41
Johann: "មិនមែនជារបស់ខ្លួន"... មែន(sense)ទុក្ខឬមិន? Where?

2019 Jan 14 04:57:55
Johann: Buddha and Savaka do not teach Jain-Uposatha: អ្នកណា​មាទុក្ខ? , Sadhu

2019 Jan 14 04:50:21
Johann: ជាធម៌អសេង្ខបុគ្គល! មានទេមិនមាន ... ការនិយាយអំពីសត្វ។ ធម៌ទាំងអស់មានមូលហេតុ ដូច្នេះ: រឿងដំបូងនៅលើកដំបូង!

2019 Jan 14 04:21:59
Cheav Villa: មិនមែនជារបស់ខ្លួន ជាអនត្តាធម៌ ជាធម៌អសេង្ខបុគ្គល  _/\_

2019 Jan 14 04:16:00
Johann: មិនមែនជារបស់ខ្លួនទេ = មិនមែនទុក្ខទេ

2019 Jan 14 04:06:00
Johann: Nyom Puthy

2019 Jan 14 04:05:16
Johann: ទុក្ខំ អនិច្ចំ អន្តតា !

2019 Jan 14 02:18:42
Chanroth: ទុក្ខំ អនិច្ចំ អន្តតា

2019 Jan 13 15:16:49
Johann: First things first , very recommended, hearing the Uposatha of the Jains from the Villages all the time here.

2019 Jan 13 15:05:49
Johann: again and again coming back to Dhamma, Punja? Habits become destinies.

2019 Jan 13 14:53:42
Johann: coming back seems to be niccaŋ

2019 Jan 13 14:40:52
Cheav Villa: អនិច្ចំ *sgift*

2019 Jan 13 14:29:43
Ieng Puthy:  Chom reap leah , good bye🙏🏼

2019 Jan 13 14:18:50
Moritz: Chom reap leah, good bye _/\_

2019 Jan 13 14:11:50
Ieng Puthy: Hello Master Morithz🙏🏼

2019 Jan 13 14:07:24
Moritz: Hello Ieng Puthy _/\_

2019 Jan 13 14:07:16
Moritz: Vandami Bhante _/\_

2019 Jan 13 13:54:34
Ieng Puthy: ជំរាបសួរ បងចាន់រ័ត្ន Bong Chanroth 🙏🏼សូមបងឆាប់បានជាសះស្បេីយ

2019 Jan 13 13:49:26
Johann: Meister Moritz

2019 Jan 13 09:17:06
Chanroth: ខ្ញំបានជាហើយ តែវេទនាបានកើតឡើងចំពោះខ្ញុំ បញ្ហាថ្លោះកករ :-\

2019 Jan 13 07:49:41
Cheav Villa: ជំរាបសួរពូចាន់រ័ត្ន ពូបានធូរស្បើយហើយមើលទៅ :D _/\_

2019 Jan 13 07:48:35
Cheav Villa: Sadhu _/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 13 07:47:10
Johann: May all spent a meritful Siladay today or tomorrow.

2019 Jan 13 05:07:45
Chanroth: ជំរាបសួរបងស្រី វីឡាខ្ញុំបាទchanroth _/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 13 00:05:39
Ieng Puthy: ករុណាព្រះអង្គ Bhante 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻

2019 Jan 12 09:04:48
Johann: Nyom Puthy

2019 Jan 11 13:49:09
Cheav Villa: Thank you Bang Thy. Good come in and out  :D _/\_

2019 Jan 11 13:41:49
Johann: Sadhu

2019 Jan 11 13:13:35
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏻ជំរាបសួរបងប្អូនធម្មមិត្តទាំងអស់គ្នា chumreap sour Dhamma friends !  May all have a good evening

2019 Jan 11 13:04:15
Ieng Puthy: ករុណា ព្រះអង្គ Bhante 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻

2019 Jan 09 17:17:52
Cheav Villa: Bhante  _/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 09 16:12:53
Johann: Nyom Villa

2019 Jan 09 05:06:55
Johann: Nyom Puthy

2019 Jan 09 00:43:24
Johann: Sadhu

2019 Jan 08 16:15:17
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻ករុណាថ្វាយបង្គំ​ព្រះអង្គ​ Khemakumara Bhante

2019 Jan 08 16:13:20
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻 ករុណាថ្វាយបង្គំ​ព្រះអង្គ​ Inddanano Bhante

2019 Jan 08 16:11:09
Ieng Puthy: 🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻 កូរុណាថ្វាយបង្គំ​ព្រះអង្គ​ vandami Bhente

2019 Jan 08 12:48:21
Moritz: May all have a good evening _/\_ Chom reap leah _/\_

2019 Jan 08 12:38:37
Moritz: :) Sayun suesday _/\_

2019 Jan 08 12:34:56
Cheav Villa: Thank you Master Moritz _/\_ Well and unwell are welcoming  :D

2019 Jan 08 12:22:05
Johann: Good to read and Sadhu

2019 Jan 08 12:17:08
Moritz: I am fine. Thanks. I hope Bhante and everyone around is well as well   _/\_

2019 Jan 08 12:11:29
Johann: Master Moritz. How is Nyom?

2019 Jan 08 12:07:29
Moritz: I think this design with shoutbox on top is a good expedient solution.

2019 Jan 08 12:06:02
Moritz: hello everyone

2019 Jan 08 12:05:58
Moritz: _/\_ Vandami Bhante,

2019 Jan 06 15:31:56
Khemakumara: It is going better!  Day by day  _/\_ _/\_ _/\_

2019 Jan 06 14:36:43
Johann: Bhante, how is Bhantes health?

2019 Jan 05 15:54:04
Cheav Villa: Bhante  _/\_ Kana realized that's reasonable

2019 Jan 05 15:29:43
Cheav Villa: កូណាថ្វាយបង្គំ​ព្រះអង្គ​ Inddanano  _/\_

2019 Jan 05 15:16:21
Johann: Bhante  _/\_, kana dwai bongum

2019 Jan 05 15:13:22
Johann:
trust that's correct. ?

2019 Jan 05 14:50:30
Johann: ", likewise/similar Br{e}a(hma): sublime one, master, Sir, lord. និង nàŋ: and, further.

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Author Topic: Khmer Alphabet und Lautschrift  (Read 1266 times)

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Offline Johann

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  • Date of ordination/Datum der Ordination.: 20140527
Khmer Alphabet und Lautschrift
« on: January 24, 2018, 07:26:02 AM »
Die allgemeine Lauschrift, die für Khmer verwendet wird, etspricht nicht der Lautschrift, so wie sie für Pali verwendet wird.

Wurde man nach der "weltlichen" Umschift ins Latein gehen, dann würde man Thamma und Puttha schreiben (statt Dhamma und Buddha). Etwas, das man oft sieht, wenn man thailändische Romanisierungen sieht.

Atma würde allgemein dahin tendieren, sich an das Pali zu halten, und auch raten, das Alphabet, den Grundstock, dem Pali nach zu lernen und zu schreiben: Khmer - Pāḷī Alphabet / ខ្មែរបាឡិ

Die zwei Serien:

Die Konsunanten werden in zwei Serien, oder Klassen, eingeteilt.
  • Stimmlos, អឃោសៈ aghosa oder សំឡេងតូច somleng tuc (kleine Stimme) oder សំឡេងស្រាល somleng sral (leichte Stimme):

    Der Konsonant enthält ein "a:"

  • Stimmhaft, ឃោសៈ ghosa oder សំឡេងធំ somleng dhom (große Stimme) oder សំឡេងធ្ងន់ somleng dhngon (schwere Stimme):

    Der Konsonant enthält ein "o"
Je nach Serie erhalten die Vokale einen anderen wert. Die Werte der Vokale sind daher von der jeweiligen Konsonantenserie abhängig.

Bis auf wenige Konsonanten, haben alle ein Gegenstück in der anderen Serie.

Die stimmlosen Konsonanten ohne Gegenpart sind:

ប ស ហ អ

Um sie in die stimmhafte Serie zu verwandeln, wird ein Sonderzeichen, genannt ត្រីស័ព្ទ traisab verwendet: ប៊ ស៊ ហ៊ អ៊ po so ho o

Die stimmhaften Konsonanten ohne Gegenpart sind:

ង ញ ម រ វ

Um sie in die stimmhafte Serie zu verwandeln, wird ein Sonderzeichen, genannt មុសីកទន្ទ mosaika:thon verwendet: ង៉ ញ៉ ម៉ រ៉ វ៉ nga: nya: ma: ra: la: wa:

Wenn der Platz oberhalb des Konsunanten von einem Vokal beansprucht wird, wird statt der genannten Sonderzeichen das Symbol gleich dem o verwendet

z.B: ស៊ី (សី៊) sie (essen, fressen) oder មឺុន (មឺ៊ន) moen
« Last Edit: January 26, 2018, 05:37:41 AM by Johann »
This post and Content has come to be by Dhamma-Dana and so is given as it       Dhamma-Dana: Johann

Offline Johann

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Re: Khmer Alphabet und Lautschrift
« Reply #1 on: January 24, 2018, 07:42:30 AM »
Mitlaute (Konsonanten) អក្សរ a(k)so(r) (from pi. akkhara)

Erste "Gruppe", Velare (Gaumensegellaut oder Hintergaumenlaut), kaṇṭhajā កណ្ឋជា

ក ខ គ ឃ ង

ka: kha: go gho ngo

LautFußvoller Lautohne NachklangPali
អក្សរជើងអក្សរបាឡិ
ក្ក ka: k ka k
ខ្ខ kha: kh kha kh
គ្គ go g gea g
ឃ្ឃ gho gh ghea gh
ង្ង ngo ng ngea ṅea

ka: der Nacken, Beginn einer Konstruktion

កក ka:(k) gefrohren

កុក ko(k) (Art) Storch

កម្ម kamm Kamma, Karma, kamma

kho Einbrenn (ähnl. Curry, Gulasch)

ខាង kha(ng) Seite, Richtung

ខេមរ khema(r) Khmer, Menschen bzw. Land in Frieden, Sicherheit, khema(ra)

គង់ gong sitzen, bleiben, verweilen (gehoben, königl. bzw. Mönche)

គឃរ gogho(r) laut, ungut

គុណ gun Güte, Gönnen, guṇa

ឃរណី ghoronei Frau des Hauses, Ehefrau, gharaṇī

ឃោស ghos Stimme, Klang, ghosa

ងក់ ngok (den Kopf) senken, beugen

* Johann : Audio nachträglich ersetzt!
« Last Edit: January 26, 2018, 11:51:13 AM by Johann »
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Offline Johann

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Re: Khmer Alphabet und Lautschrift
« Reply #2 on: January 24, 2018, 12:09:35 PM »
Zweite "Gruppe", Palatale (stimmhafter palataler Nasalt), tālujā តាលុជា

ច ឆ ជ ឈ ញ

ca: cha: jo jho nyo

LautFußvoller Lautohne NachklangPali
អក្សរជើងអក្សរបាឡិ
ច្ច ca: c ca c
ឆ្ឆ cha: ch cha ch
ជ្ជ jo j jea j
ឈ្ឈ jho jh jhea jh
ញ្ញ nyo ny ñea ñ

ca: spalten

ចា ca ja (von Frauen)

ចចក់ ca:ca:k "Mini"-Hausgecko

ចន្ទ ca:n(d) Mond, Strahlen, pi. canda

ឆទ្វារ chadvea sechs Sinne, sechs Tore, pi. chadvāra

ឆន្ទៈ (ឆន្ទ) chandea Wollen, Streben, pi. chanda

ជក់ jok rauchen (Zigaretten)

ជា jea werden, sein, geheilt, ist

ជាតិ jeat Geburt, Rasse, Nation, Stand, pi. jāti

ឈប់ jhop anhalten, stoppen, Halt

ឈាន jean vorwärts gehen, Schritt tun, wandern, meditativ sammeln, pi. jhāna

ញញួរ nyonyuar Hammer

ញតិ nyeat Verwandter, pi. ñāti
« Last Edit: January 24, 2018, 04:24:57 PM by Johann »
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Offline Johann

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Re: Khmer Alphabet und Lautschrift
« Reply #3 on: January 24, 2018, 04:23:15 PM »
Dritte "Gruppe", Retroflexe, mudḍajā មុទ្ធជា

ដ ឋ ឌ ឍ ណ

ta: tha: do dho na:

LautFußvoller Lautohne NachklangPali
អក្សរជើងអក្សរបាឡិ
ដ្ដ ta: t ṭa
ឋ្ឋ tha: th ṭha ṭh
ឌ្ឌ do d ḍea
ឍ្ឍ dho dh ḍhea ḍh
ណ្ណ na n ṇa

ta: kleines Fährboot

ដក ta:(k) heraus ziehen

ដង ta:ng (aus dem Wasser) schopfen

ឋាន tha:n Reich, Platz, Aufenthalt

ឌមជន domochon einfache Leute

ឍាមរា dheamorea (Art von) Gans

ណា na Welcher? Wo?

ណែ nai erklären, anleiten
« Last Edit: January 26, 2018, 06:47:18 AM by Johann »
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Offline Johann

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Re: Khmer Alphabet und Lautschrift
« Reply #4 on: January 26, 2018, 01:54:30 PM »
Dritte "Gruppe", Dentale, dantajā ទនតជា

ត ថ ទ ធ ន

ta: tha: do dho no

LautFußvoller Lautohne NachklangPali
អក្សរជើងអក្សរបាឡិ
ត្ត ta: t ta t
ថ្ធ tha: th tha th
ទ្ទ do d dea d
ធ្ធ dho dh dhea dh
ន្ន no n nea n

ta: (etwas) verbinden

តា ta Großvater

តន័យ tanay Sohn, pi. tanaya

ថយ tha:y zurück tretten, weichen

ថា tha sagen, benennen

ទទេ dode leer, nichts

ទា dea Ente

ទាន dean Gabe, Großzügigkeit, pi dāna

ធន dhon Reichtum Schatz, pi. dhana

ធម៌/ធម្ម dhoa/dhomm Dhamma, Rechtschaffenheit, Richtigkeit, pi dhamma

នគរ nogor Hauptstadt, Königreich, Imperium, pi. nagara


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Offline Johann

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Re: Khmer Alphabet und Lautschrift
« Reply #5 on: January 27, 2018, 01:14:50 AM »
Dritte "Gruppe", Labiale, oṭṭhajā ឪដ្ឍជា

ប ផ ព ភ ម

pa: pha: bo bho mo

LautFußvoller Lautohne NachklangPali
អក្សរជើងអក្សរបាឡិ
ប្ប pa: p pa p
ផ្ផ pha: ph pha ph
ព្ព bo b bea b
ភ្ភ bho bh bhea bh
ម្ម mo m mea m
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