User Tools

Site Tools

Translations of this page?:

āyatana {pi}

Pāḷi; √ āyatana
alt. sp.: IPA: ɑːjət̪ən̪ə, Velthuis: aayatana, readable: aayatana, simple: ayatana
translation ~:
khmer: អាយតន
thai: อายตน
sinhal.: ආයතන
burm.: အာယတန


[dic] āyatana (ayatana)

āyatana: Description welcome. Info can be removed after imput.

ATI Glossary

āyatana: Sense medium. The inner sense media are the sense organs: eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body, and mind. The outer sense media are their respective objects.


Buddhist Dictionary

by late Ven. Nyanalokita Thera:

āyatana: 1. 'spheres', is a name for the four immaterial absorptions; see jhāna (5-8). 2. The 12 'bases' or 'sources' on which depend the mental processes, consist of five physical sense-organs and consciousness, being the six personal (ajjhattika) bases; and the six objects, the so-called external (bāhira) bases - namely:

  • eye, or visual organ visible object
  • ear, or auditory organ sound, or audible object
  • nose, or olfactory organ odour, or olfactive object
  • tongue, or gustatory organ taste, or gustative object
  • body, or tactile organ body-impression, or tactile object
  • mind-base, or consciousness mind-object (manāyatana, dhammāyatana)

“By the visual organ (cakkhāyatana) is meant the sensitive part of the eye (cakkhu-pasāda) built up of the four elements … responding to sense-stimuli” sa-ppaṭigha)… Vibhaṅga II

Similar is the explanation of the four remaining physical sense-organs.

Mind-base (manāyatana) is a collective term for all consciousness whatever, and should therefore not be confounded with the mind-element (mano-dhātu; see dhātu II, 16), which latter performs only the functions of adverting (āvajjana) to the sense-object, and of receiving (sampaṭicchana) the sense-object. On the functions of the mind, see viññāṇa-kicca.

The visible object (rūpāyatana) is described in Vibhaṅga II as “that phenomenon which is built up of the four physical elements and appears as color, etc.” What is' seen by-visual perception, i.e. by eye-consciousness (cakkhu-viññāṇa) are colors and differences of light, but not three dimensional bodily things.

'Mind-object-base' (dhammāyatana) is identical with 'mind-object-element' (dhamma-dhātu; see dhātu II) and dhammārammaṇa (see ārammaṇa).

It may be physical or mental, past, present or future, real or imaginary.

The 5 physical sense-organs are also called faculties (see indriya), and of these faculties it is said in MN 43:

“Each of the five faculties owns a different sphere, and none of them partakes of the sphere of another one; … they have mind as their support… are conditioned by vitality, … but vitality again is conditioned by heat, heat again by vitality, just as the light and flame of a burning lamp are mutually conditioned.”

The 12 bases are fully discussed in Visuddhi Magga XV. In Yam III (s F. Guide, p 98f) the 12 terms are subjected to a logical investigation The six personal bases form the 5th link of dependent origination (see paṭiccasamuppāda 5).


PTS Dictionary

by the Pali Text Society:


Glossary Thanissaro

Āyatana: Sense medium. The six inner sense media are the eye, ear, nose, tongue, body and intellect. The six outer sense media are their respective objects.


Illustrated Glossary of Pāli Terms

by Ven. Varado Maha Thera:

Glossary various Teacher

— —


See also

Suttas and Dhammadesanā

— —

Add a reference here or in the list.


Info & meta data



  • You can add an record of the Pali, and upload it. (The file should be without diacritics, lowcase and mp3. Change diacritics in link to 'readable' characters without diacritics.)
  • You are given to add additional sources/Dictionaries. Consider the use of page_templates if wishing to include a certain dictionary to many pages. Edits of Dictionary content can be made in the paticulary source file.

meta data

—- dataentry metadata —- page ID: en:dictionary:āyatana pagename: āyatana file: āyatana.txt permanent link:āyatana page initially given by: Johann page creation date: 2019-09-17 (recreation) origin author and source: see source_of_dictionaries. source: various, see source_of_dictionaries edits: see source_of_dictionaries edition: scope of gift: This is a gift of Dhamma and given to use for any skilful/wholesome purpose and undertaking but not for any commercial use or other use of exchange for worldly aims. For additional information see Dhamma-Dana and possible details at the source pages for included parts. Much joy in using and share of the merits! owner of this copy: Sublime Sangha of the eight directions. current maintainer: The aramika and monastic disciples on dedications of editors: Johann: for the Sublime Saṅgha of the Buddha and those following and interested, and so then benefiting my persons teachers, parents and ancestors, all beings welfare.

en/dictionary/āyatana.txt · Last modified: 2019/09/24 14:04 by