Pāḷi; √ brahma + vihāra
alt. sp.: IPA: bɾəɦməʋɪɦɑːɾə, Velthuis: brahmavihaara, readable: brahmavihaara, simple: brahmavihara
translation ~: …
brahmavihāra: Description welcome. Info can be removed after imput.
by late Ven. Nyanalokita Thera:
➥ brahma-vihāra: the 4 'Sublime' or 'Divine Abodes', also called the 4 Boundless States (appamaññā), are: Loving-kindness (mettā), Compassion (karuṇā), Altruistic (or sympathetic) Joy (muditā), Equanimity (upekkhā).
“There, o monks, the monk with a mind full of loving-kindness pervading first one direction, then a second one, then a third one, then the fourth one, just so above, below and all around; and everywhere identifying himself with all, he is pervading the whole world with mind full of loving-kindness, with mind wide, developed, unbounded, free from hate and ill-will.”
Hereafter follows the same theme with compassion, altruistic joy, and equanimity.
Literature: Detailed explanation in Visuddhi Magga IX. - For texts see “Path”, 97ff; texts on mettā in The Practice of Loving Kindness, by Ñāṇamoli Thera (Wheel 7). - The Four Sublime States, by Ñaṇaponika Thera (Wheel 6). - Brahma Vihāra, by Narada Thera (Vajirarama, Colombo, 1962).
by the Pali Text Society:
by Ven. Thanissaro Maha Thera:
➥ Brahma-vihāra: A mental attitude that, when developed to a level where it can extend without limit to all beings, is conducive to rebirth in one of the Brahmā worlds. There are four altogether: unlimited goodwill (mettā), unlimited compassion (karuṇā), unlimited empathetic joy (muditā), and unlimited equanimity (upekkhā).
by Ven. Varado Maha Thera:
Suttas and Dhammadesanā