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brahmavihāra {pi}

Pāḷi; √ brahma + vihāra
alt. sp.: IPA: bɾəɦməʋɪɦɑːɾə, Velthuis: brahmavihaara, readable: brahmavihaara, simple: brahmavihara
translation ~:
khmer: ព្រហ្មវិហារ
thai: พฺรหฺมวิหาร
sinhal.: බ්‍රහ්මවිහාර
burm.: ဗြဟ္မဝိဟာရ


[dic] brahmavihāra (brahmavihara)

brahmavihāra: Description welcome. Info can be removed after imput.

ATI Glossary

brahma-vihāra: The four “sublime” or “divine” abodes that are attained through the development of boundless mettā (goodwill), karuṇā (compassion), muditā (appreciative joy), and upekkhā (equanimity).


Buddhist Dictionary

by late Ven. Nyanalokita Thera:

brahma-vihāra: the 4 'Sublime' or 'Divine Abodes', also called the 4 Boundless States (appamaññā), are: Loving-kindness (mettā), Compassion (karuṇā), Altruistic (or sympathetic) Joy (muditā), Equanimity (upekkhā).

The stereotype text on the development of these 4 sublime abodes (brahma-vihāra-bhāvanā; see bhāvanā), often met with in the Suttas, is as follows:

“There, o monks, the monk with a mind full of loving-kindness pervading first one direction, then a second one, then a third one, then the fourth one, just so above, below and all around; and everywhere identifying himself with all, he is pervading the whole world with mind full of loving-kindness, with mind wide, developed, unbounded, free from hate and ill-will.”

Hereafter follows the same theme with compassion, altruistic joy, and equanimity.

Literature: Detailed explanation in Visuddhi Magga IX. - For texts see “Path”, 97ff; texts on mettā in The Practice of Loving Kindness, by Ñāṇamoli Thera (Wheel 7). - The Four Sublime States, by Ñaṇaponika Thera (Wheel 6). - Brahma Vihāra, by Narada Thera (Vajirarama, Colombo, 1962).


PTS Dictionary

by the Pali Text Society:


Glossary Thanissaro

Brahma-vihāra: A mental attitude that, when developed to a level where it can extend without limit to all beings, is conducive to rebirth in one of the Brahmā worlds. There are four altogether: unlimited goodwill (mettā), unlimited compassion (karuṇā), unlimited empathetic joy (muditā), and unlimited equanimity (upekkhā).


Illustrated Glossary of Pāli Terms

by Ven. Varado Maha Thera:

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Glossary various Teacher

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See also

Suttas and Dhammadesanā

brahma-vihāra: (Divine abodes; sublime states). See also mettā; karuṇa; muditā; upekkhā.


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en/dictionary/brahmavihāra.txt · Last modified: 2019/12/06 16:35 by Johann